Surah Al-Mu’minun 1-11

Qualities of a true Believer

  • acknowledge Oneness of Allah, no shirk
  • humble in prayer
  • who shun vain conversation, al-laghu
  • who give to the poor
  • guard their modesty
  • save themselves from the haram relations, stay within the halal relationships
  • preserve covenants, oaths and trusts
  • who guard their prayer

“These are indeed the inheritors. Who shall inherit the Firdaus (Paradise). They shall dwell therein forever. (23:10-11)”

Knowledge illuminates the straight path.

Prophet Muhammad sallalahu wa alaiyhissalam peace be upon him, said,

“This is because knowledge enlivens the heart against ignorance, illuminates the eyes against darkness, and strengthens the body. It transports the servants to the mansions of the select and the righteous and to the highest ranks in the world and in the Hereafter. Contemplating it is equivalent to fasting, and reviewing it is equivalent to the Night Prayer vigil. With it, kinship is united and the lawful is distinguished from the unlawful. Knowledge is an imam which leads to righteous actions. It is craved by the people destined for Paradise and shunned by people destined for Hell.”

Source: al-Hanbali, Imam Ibn Rajab (d. 1392 CE). Warathatu’l-Anbiya’. Translated with Introduction as The Heirs of the Prophets by Zaid Shakir. Chapter 8, pgs.37-38. Chicago , U.S.A. : The Starlatch Press, 2001.


Khan: ‘Believers allergic to al-laghu (wasteful behavior)’

Wasting time, or indulging in behavior with no benefit in this world and the hereafter, leads to Allah’s displeasure said, Nouman Ali Khan a speaker from The Bayyinah Institute, an online learning community.

Khan said al-laghu, wasting time, can mean: engaging in small talk, just chilling, and wasteful speech.

He said parents should regulate the “careless overexposure of media” in children, especially in teens. Don’t put the computer in a child’s bedroom, Khan said. Put it in the kitchen or living room where it is faced out so anyone who walks by can see what they are doing. He said parents give children cellphones without checking the bill.

People can turn on the TV and find “the club” at home. It’s not like how it used to be, he said.

Some parents come from a different culture and they shut their children out, as long as they have a good report card coming home. Teens are living double lives, said Khan. Parents should take the time to talk to their kids and “not freak out.” “The child will shut you out.”

We are telling our kids to go against society, by being moral and following what is right. We have to be there for them, Khan said.

“Believer knows time is running out,” he said. There is an urgency to do good and abstain from bad.

Khan gave four ways to change: give zakat to purify oneself, keep good company at the masjid, become a person of dhikr or worship who reads Quran and remembers Allah throughout day, memorize at least one ayat verse of Quran daily, and guard our private parts.

Parents should care and be involved in teens’ lives, staring while the child is younger to discipline. Bad deen leads to a ruined dunya or world, Khan said. Al-laghu, wasting time, leads to fasha, worse things to do with time: possibly drugs, girlfriend/boyfriend, alcohol problems.

A read on major sins

Major sins are forbidden in Islam, including disobeying your parents, committing shirk, lying and giving false testimony.

The Prophet’s (pbuh) said, “Avoid the seven heinous sins: Worshipping others with Allah, sorcery, taking a life which Allah has made

sacred except in the course of justice, devouring usury, appropriating the property of the orphan, fleeing from the battlefield, and charging believing women, unmindful though innocent, with adultery.” 1


Ibn Abbas holds that they are likely counted as seventy not seven. That is a good point of view because enumeration is not intended in the Hadith.

As a matter of fact, any sin entailing either a threat of punishment in the Hereafter explicitly mentioned by the Qur’an or Hadith, a prescribed legal penalty (Hadd), or being accursed by Allah or His Messenger (pbuh) is called a major sin. We have to bear in mind that some major sins are most heinous than another. This is because the Prophet (pbuh) has enlisted Shirk (worshipping others with Allah) though a polytheist will suffer eternal torture in Fire and will never be forgiven.

(A book on Major sins)


Major sins are similar to the 10 commandments given to Moses and commandments given to Noah during his time on earth.

10 Commandments in the Bible:

And God spoke all these words, saying: “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

  1. You shall have no other gods before me.  
  2. You shall not make for yourself any carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.  
  3. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.  
  4. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.  
  5. Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your God is giving you.  
  6. You shall not murder.  
  7. You shall not commit adultery.  
  8. You shall not steal.  
  9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.  
  10. You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.